8 Questions You Have About Posterior Vitreous Detachment

Senior man getting a regular eye exam

Your eyesight is essential in just about every aspect of your life. Regular eye care and eye exams can detect and help correct many eye problems early on. Posterior Vitreous Detachment (PVD) is a naturally occurring and detectable condition that usually happens after the age of 50 or alongside an eye injury.

Continue reading for information about Posterior Vitreous Detachment and what to do if you are experiencing symptoms of PVD.

What is Posterior Vitreous Detachment?

Posterior Vitreous Detachment occurs when the vitreous gel in your eye becomes more watery and deflates in the eye cavity. This deflation creates a breakage of the gel from the tiny fibers that hold it in place against your retina and optic nerve. This condition generally occurs after the age of 60 and affects women and men equally in symptoms and occurrences.

Symptoms of PVD include blurred vision, floaters, and flashes of light that occur around the sides of your vision field. While these symptoms can occur without having PVD, if they are regularly occurring or you see an increase in occurrence, it’s time to schedule an eye exam and speak with your eye doctor.

How Long Do Symptoms of Posterior Vitreous Detachment Last?

Since many symptoms of Posterior Vitreous Detachment are mild, you may not notice them at first. They may not ever become bothersome even as PVD progresses. Symptoms of PVD tend to last from a few weeks to a few months, and at this time, no direct medical treatment exists for PVD.

What Causes Posterior Vitreous Detachment?

As we discussed earlier in this post, Posterior Vitreous Detachment happens when the vitreous gel in the eye cavity detaches from the retina and optic nerve. This change in consistency of the vitreous gel occurs naturally over time as we age, but can also occur after an eye injury.

Often, if PVD occurs in one eye, it will also happen in the other eye. You should still seek the advice of an eye care professional for the second eye, even if you had no trouble with the first one.

How to Prevent Posterior Vitreous Detachment?

Posterior Vitreous Detachment is a naturally occurring eye problem that becomes more prevalent as you age or after an eye injury or surgery. Regular eye care and eye exams can help to monitor any potential PVD occurrences, but it cannot prevent it from happening.

However, if you do have PVD, you should limit activities that include heavy lifting or quick movements of your head. Serious complications can occur if your vitreous gel forcefully tears away from your retina instead of gradually pulling away.

Is Posterior Vitreous Detachment Serious?

Most patients experience mild and slow-changing symptoms, and Posterior Vitreous Detachment usually goes away after several months. However, if the separation of vitreous gel occurs too quickly, PVD can cause serious complications such as retinal tears or retinal detachment. These complications can cause vision loss, which is why it is important to visit your eye care professional if you start to notice any symptoms of PVD.

Can Posterior Vitreous Detachment Cause Blindness?

As stated above, if you experience retinal tears or detachment, you risk permanent vision loss. While this is a rare occurrence, it is still a possibility if you do not manage the symptoms of PVD correctly. Your eye care professional can help make sure you stay on track with regular exams while you are experiencing PVD.

Can Posterior Vitreous Detachment Cause Vertigo?

Posterior Vitreous Detachment does not cause vertigo, but retinal damage associated with more severe symptoms of Posterior Vitreous Detachment can cause similar symptoms. If you are experiencing dizziness concurrently with PVD symptoms, it is imperative that you reach out to your eye care professional. They will work to assess if any retinal damage is present, and what you can do to prevent any further damage.

How is Posterior Vitreous Detachment Treated?

Many symptoms of PVD are mild and do not require treatment, as they will likely go away on their own after a few months. Even so, it is still important to make sure that you are experiencing symptoms of PVD and not another eye problem. Contact your eye care professional to talk with them if you are having any of these symptoms.

Schedule an Eye Exam Today

If you are looking for Posterior Vitreous Detachment care for you or a family member, schedule an eye exam today with our highly trained and professional providers. Our eye care professionals at Campus Eye in Lancaster and Willow Street, PA, are here to help protect and preserve your vision.